Answers and explanations
A disability hate crime is any criminal offence which is perceived, by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by a hostility or prejudice based on a person’s disability or perceived disability.
- Nearly 1 in 5 disabled people are victims of crime in England and Wales – over 1.9 million disabled people are victims of crime annually – True. In England and Wales, more disabled than non-disabled people in every age group experience any crime. This is similarly the case in Scotland. Experience of any crime is higher overall for disabled adults in the younger age groups. Experience of any crime is also higher for disabled people with certain impairments in England and Wales, in particular people with mental health conditions such as depression or social or behavioural impairments such as autism, attention deficit disorder or Asperger’s syndrome.
- Usually people who commit hate crime against disabled people are strangers – False. Hate crime can be committed by strangers and also friends, neighbours, care workers and family.
- Hate crime is usually people with disabilities getting hit or having things taken – False. Hate crime against disabled people can happen in many ways including violence, sexual abuse, theft, bullying and other types of crime. It does not always have to be violent.
- Disability hate crime only happens to disabled people – False. It can happen to support workers, friends, family, guide dogs, equipment and anyone else connected to a disabled person. It can also happen if someone perceives someone as being a disabled person regardless of whether they legally are or otherwise.
- Racist and homophobic crime disproportionately affects disabled people – True. Data shows on victims of racist and homophobic hate crime shows that a disproportionate number of victims were also disabled.