So far this year, 14 transgender individuals have been murdered in the USA in hate crime related incidents. In the UK, transphobic hate crime registered a 170% increase in 2016. Transphobic hate crime is just one of those that has registered an increase. There has also been a rise in hate crime for race/ethnicity, disability and sexual orientation. A common thread is a fall in reporting levels by victims and witnesses.

The Equality and Human Rights Commission in the UK has called for the government to improve the criminal justice response to hate crime of all kinds as it is felt that the low prosecution rates has contributed to a further rise in this form of crime. It has also called for improved support for victims and witnesses; more robust and coordinated monitoring; and effective data evaluation.

Stop Hate UK has a range of resources for those affected by hate crime.

Hate crimes can be committed against a person or property. The 5 police monitored categories of hate crime are:
  • disability
  • race
  • religion
  • sexual orientation
  • gender identity.

A victim does not have to be a member of the group at which the hostility is targeted or identify with the group. In fact, anyone could be a victim of a hate crime because they are thought to be a certain race/religion/sexuality etc., even if they are not.

Hate crimes can include:

  • threatening behaviour
  • verbal abuse
  • assault
  • robbery
  • damage to property
  • inciting others to commit hate crimes
  • bullying
  • harassment.